September 25, 2018
The same storm captured by RainCube is seen here in infrared from a single, large weather satellite, NOAA's GOES (Geoweather Operational Environmental Satellite). Image Credit: NOAA The RainCube (Radar in a CubeSat) uses experimental technology to see storms by detecting rain and snow with very small instruments. The people behind the miniature mission celebrated after RainCube sent back its first images of a storm over Mexico in a technology demonstration in August. Its second wave of images in September caught the first rainfall of Hurricane Florence. The small satellite is a prototype for a possible fleet of RainCubes that could one day help monitor severe storms, lead to improving the accuracy of weather forecasts and track climate change over time.
September 13, 2018
NASA Applied Sciences Disasters Program meets with University of Puerto Rico in Mayaguez On September 13, 2018 Miguel Román and Edil Sepúlveda Carlo of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center hosted a group of professors from the University of Puerto Rico in Mayaguez (UPRM). In attendance, were Professors Dr. Pérez Lugo and Dr. Ortiz García. Lugo and García are co-founders of the National Institute for Energy and Island Sustainability (INESI in Spanish), which is the only interdisciplinary and inter-campus institute of the University of Puerto Rico system. INESI includes the university community in Puerto Rico’s energy policy and seeks to resolve energy and sustainability problems using empirical research and academic knowledge. Dr. David Green, Program Manager of the Earth Science Disasters Program at NASA Headquarters, as well as Shanna McClain, Risk and Resilience Coordinator at NASA Headquarters, were present at the meeting.
October 4, 2018
NASA’s G-III aircraft staged operations from Gainesville, Florida. The UAVSAR pod is located at the bottom of the aircraft’s fuselage. Credits: NASA/Samuel Choi In the aftermath of Hurricane Florence, which struck the Carolinas on Sept. 14 causing widespread damage, NASA quickly deployed a sophisticated airborne radar to give disaster response agencies a much-needed view of floodwaters that continued to threaten the region. In response to the event, the feature, "NASA Airborne Team Surveys Flooding from Hurricane Florence," was published on NASA.gov on October 4, 2018.
October 11, 2018
This image from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) shows the temperature of clouds or the surface in and around Hurricane Michael as it approaches northwestern Florida around 3 AM local time on Tuesday, October 10, 2018. The storm shows all the hallmarks of a powerful, mature hurricane. The large purple area indicates very cold clouds at about -90 F (-68 C) carried high into the atmosphere by deep thunderstorms. These storm clouds are associated with very heavy rainfall. At the center of the cold clouds is the distinct, much warmer eye of the hurricane seen in green. The extensive areas of red away from the storm indicate temperatures of around 60 F (15 C), typical of the surface of the Earth at night. These red areas are mostly cloud-free, with the clear air caused by air motion outward from the cold clouds near the storm center then downward in the surrounding areas. Michael has developed quickly into a dangerous Category 4 storm, with sustained wind of 150 miles per hour. It is currently coming ashore on the Florida Panhandle as the strongest hurricane in that region in recorded history.
October 11, 2018
NASA's Terra spacecraft shows a three dimensional view of Hurricane Michael and combines two of MISR's nine camera angles. MISR's stereo anaglyph shows a three-dimensional view of Michael and combines two of MISR's nine camera angles. Using 3D red-blue glasses, you can see the 3D effect. Apparent in the 3D stereo anaglyph as well as the height field are a number of bright "clumps." These are groups of strong thunderstorms embedded within the larger circulation of the hurricane. Known as "vortical hot towers," the presence of these features indicates rapid transport of heat energy from the ocean surface into the storm, typically indicative of rapid intensification of the hurricane. In fact, between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. EDT, while MISR imaged the hurricane, the estimated central pressure dropped 8 hPa and the maximum sustained winds increased about 12 mph (19 kph) and over the next 24 hours Hurricane Michael intensified from a Category 2 to a Category 4 storm.
October 10, 2018
The eye of #HurricaneMichael before the storm made landfall on the Florida panhandle. This image was taken by @AstroSerena around noon on Oct. 10, 2018 as the @Space_Station orbited over the Gulf of Mexico. pic.twitter.com/Bj8Te1voET — NASA Astromaterials (@Astromaterials) October 10, 2018 NASA's International Space Station features imagery from Hurricane Michael.
September 12, 2018
NASA’s Disaster Program lead Dr. David Green discusses NASA’s efforts to study storms like Hurricane Florence and other natural disasters with NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.
August 24, 2018
NASA and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre hosted a joint workshop to explore new ways to link disaster risk reduction, preparedness, and response with NASA’s Earth Observation (EO) capabilities. Convened at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama beginning August 21, this four-day event improved the ability of NASA EO scientists and coordinators to understand and address the needs of on-the-ground stakeholders. The workshop also helped to facilitate improved communication and partnership between the NASA Disasters program and SERVIR to design and implement future collaborations.
June 25, 2018
NASA LaRC scientist Dr. Jean-Paul Vernier provided an update to the Congressional Hazards Caucus on NASA Disaster Program’s response to assess and reduce the impacts to people and property for the recent volcanic eruptions of Kilauea, Hawaii, and Fuego, Guatemala. Dr. Vernier was accompanied by Director of Science Dave Young (LaRC), Shanna McClain (NASA HQ), Batu Osmanoglu (GSFC), and Donna Lawson (OLIA/ LaRC). The Congressional Hazards Caucus briefing drew a record number of 65 attendees, including approximately 50 staff members representing a diverse geographic group of Congressional offices and committees. The brief was informative and included updates from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) program coordinator for volcano hazards, Dr. Charles Mandeville, a professor of seismology at the University of South Florida, Dr. Stephen McNutt, as well as NASA’s Disaster Coordinator for the Kilauea response efforts. USGS recognized NASA’s numerous contributions to the disaster response with technological support for lava flow direct broadcast from helicopters and UAVs, the GLISTIN aircraft mission to measure volumetric lava fields through elevation maps, satellite supports with radar, thermal imageries and air quality monitoring systems through NASA’s satellites and international partners. NASA demonstrated that the diversity of its satellite and airborne assets is key to provide a comprehensive perspective on the impacts of volcanoes from lava destruction of homes and infrastructures to reduction in air quality. Staff had several questions regarding number of active volcanoes being monitored globally, resources needed, and USGS’ use of the recent funding plus up. Transportation committee staff asked whether data feeds into the earthquake monitoring system. Questions directed at NASA focused on air quality and monitoring of long-term impacts.
April 3, 2018
Video of NASA Disasters Program The NASA Earth Science Disasters program has recently launched the NASA Disasters Mapping Portal, an ESRI ArcGIS-based web interface for viewing and analyzing the latest near-realtime products and disaster response datasets. Visit the NASA Disasters Mapping Portal: https://maps.disasters.nasa.gov