Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, formerly known as the NPOESS Preparatory Project, serves as a bridge between the EOS satellites and the forthcoming series of Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) satellites. Suomi NPP is the first satellite mission to address the challenge of acquiring a wide range of land, ocean, and atmospheric measurements for Earth system science while simultaneously preparing to address operational requirements for weather forecasting. Suomi NPP also represents the gateway to the creation of a U.S. climate monitoring system, collecting both climate and operational weather data and continuing key data records that are critical for global change science.
Capabilities of Suomi NPP include monitoring natural disasters such as wildfires, volcanic eruptions, snowstorms, droughts, floods, hurricanes and dust plumes.
- The "Black Marble" product generated from the day-night band of Suomi NPP's VIIRS instrument can be used to monitor power outages for regions affected by natural diasters (https://disasters.nasa.gov/hurricane-dorian-2019/nasa-satellites-help-map-power-outages-carolinas-hurricane-dorian)
- The thermal anomolies product from the VIIRS instrument can be used to detect wildfires and volcanic lava (https://disasters.nasa.gov/november-2018-california-wildfires/nasa-near-real-time-viirs-products-show-extent-california, https://disasters.nasa.gov/kilauea-hawaii-eruption-2018/viirs-i15-band-data-kilauea-eruption)
- The OMPS instrument can be used to measure the SO2 from volcanic eruptions (https://disasters.nasa.gov/kilauea-hawaii-eruption-2018/snppomps-volcanic-so2-column-kilauea-volcano-eruption)