The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Program (GOES) is a joint effort of NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The GOES system currently consists of GOES-13, operating as GOES-East, in the eastern part of the constellation at 75 degrees west longitude and GOES-15, operating as GOES-West, at 135 degrees west longitude. The GOES-R series will maintain the two-satellite system implemented by the current GOES series. However, the locations of the operational GOES-R satellites will be 75 degrees west longitude and 137 degrees west longitude. The latter is a shift in order to eliminate conflicts with other satellite systems. The GOES-R series operational lifetime extends through December 2036.
These spacecraft help meteorologists observe and predict local weather events, including thunderstorms, tornadoes, fog, hurricanes, flash floods and other severe weather. In addition, GOES observations have proven helpful in monitoring dust storms, volcanic eruptions and forest fires.
The benefits that directly enhance the quality of human life and protection of Earth's environment include:
- Supporting the search-and-rescue satellite aided system (SARSAT)
- Contributing to the development of worldwide environmental warning services and enhancements of basic environmental services
- Improving the capability for forecasting and providing real-time warning of solar disturbances
- Providing data that may be used to extend knowledge and understanding of the atmosphere and its processes
Learn more: http://www.goes-r.gov/