Latest News and Updates

October 12, 2018
NASA's Black Marble Technology over Florida
The pre- and post-event images of NASA's Black Marble product suite show the artificial lights at night from Panama City, FL and Mexico Beach, FL based on data collected on October 6 and October 12, 2018. NASA's Black Marble product suite has immediate access to data documenting disruptions in energy infrastructure and utility services due to Hurricane Michael. The pre and post event images in Florida are based on the composite Black Marble images. The fine resolution images show artificial lights at night prior to and after the arrival of Hurricane Michael. Areas in high-light condition are in red and yellow, while areas in low-light condition are in blue and black. The Black Marble Level 3 and High Definition (HD) data are continuously being produced and delivered to end-users for the latest day available.

 

October 12, 2018
GPM IMERG rainfall accumulation from Hurricane Michael
At least eleven deaths have now been attributed to deadly hurricane Michael. Some casualties resulted not only from Michael's destructive winds and storm surges but also from the blinding rain that Michael produced as it battered states from Florida northeastward through Virginia. Today tropical storm Michael is moving out over the Atlantic Ocean and has transitioned into a powerful extratropical storm.   This animation using the GPM IMERG multi-satellite dataset shows the estimated total rainfall accumulation for #HurricaneMichael from 10/8/18 - 10/12/18. Learn more: https://t.co/aJuEp6o855 pic.twitter.com/n6e2eEw8om — NASA Precipitation (@NASARain) October 12, 2018 This rainfall accumulation analysis was derived from NASA's Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals data (IMERG). IMERG data were used to calculate estimates of precipitation totals from a combination of space-borne passive microwave sensors, including the GMI microwave sensor on the GPM satellite, and geostationary IR (infrared) data. IMERG data benefits from algorithms developed by NASA's Precipitation Measurement Missions (PMM) science team that supports GPM's Missions. This analysis shows IMERG rainfall accumulation estimates along Michael's track during the period from becoming a tropical depression fourteen off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula until it passed off the East Coast. Michael's approximate 0000Z and 1200Z locations are shown overlaid on this analysis. IMERG rainfall accumulation data indicated that Michael frequently produced rainfall totals greater than 10 inches (254 mm) along it's track. IMERG data indicated that the heaviest rainfall accumulation occurred off the Yucatan where were over 20 inches (512 mm) were estimated. Also of interest is the heavy rainfall that fell in less than a week with stormy weather extending from Texas to the Great Lakes. Visualization by Matt Lammers and Owen Kelley (NASA GSFC) Caption by Hal Pierce (SSAI / NASA GSFC)

 

October 12, 2018
On October 10, 2018, the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) instrument, onboard JAXA's GCOM-W1 satellite, observed the surface precipitation rates of Hurricane Michael as it approached the United States.
On October 10, 2018, the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) instrument, onboard JAXA's GCOM-W1 satellite, observed the surface precipitation rates of Hurricane Michael as it approached the United States. This LANCE NRT AMSR2 image shows high precipitation rates in red, yellow and light blue, and lower rates in dark blue and purple. LANCE NRT AMSR2 products include surface precipitation rate, wind speed over ocean, water vapor over ocean and cloud liquid water over ocean. NRT AMSR2 products are generated within three hours of observation, using algorithms provided by the NASA-funded US AMSR2 Science Team, with JAXA NRT L1R (resampled brightness temperatures) as input. Discover and Access LANCE AMSR2 NRT data:https://lance.nsstc.nasa.gov/amsr2/data.html View image using NASA Worldview application: https://go.nasa.gov/2ISHh5w

 

October 11, 2018
GFMS Inundation Estimate Hurricane Michael
Inundation Estimate from Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) based on surface and river routing models using NASA Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Integrated Multi-Satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) precipitation information. GFMS covers the globe from 50N-50S. This product shows the near real time flooding every 3 hours at 1 km resolution. This product can be used to estimate flood extent (and depth) and for comparison with other estimates from satellite and ground observations. 

 

October 11, 2018
Sentinel-1 Water Extent Imagery
Using data collected from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sentinel-1B satellite, scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) are able to create maps of the extent of water due to the effects of Hurricane Michael. The synthetic aperture radar (SAR) aboard Sentinel-1B allows for the detection of water on the surface when clouds are present as well as during the night time hours. This product shows three areas: known reference water (blue), anomalous water identified outside the known reference water areas (red), and water detected in known wetlands or barren land (tan). The areas in red would be the likely flood waters due to the effects of Hurricane Michael.

 

October 11, 2018
USGS/NASA Landsat 8 Imagery Hurricane Michael
The True Color RGB composite provides a product of how the surface would look to the naked eye from space. The RGB is created using the red, green, and blue channels of the respective instrument. This product contains pre-event images from September 15, 22, 24, 29 and October 6, 2018. The True Color RGB is produced using the 3 visible wavelength bands (red, green, and blue) from the respective sensor. Some minor atmospheric corrections have occurred. Image produced on 9/26/2018.

 

October 11, 2018
Sentinel-1 RGB Imagery from Hurricane Michael
The Alaska Satellite Facility has developed a false color Red, Green, Blue (RGB) composite image of the Sentinel 1A/B Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instrument which assigns the co- and cross-polarization information to a channel in the RGB composite. When used to support a flooding event, areas in blue denotes water present at the time of the satellite overpass prior to the landfall of Hurricane Michael. This product shows three areas: known reference water (blue), anomalous water identified outside the known reference water areas (red), and water detected in known wetlands or barren land (tan). The areas in red would be the likely flood waters due to the effects of Hurricane Michael.

 

October 11, 2018
VIIRS Nighttime Imagery
UPDATE 10/12/18: S-NPP VIIRS Nighttime Image on October 6, 2018 before Hurricane Michael S-NPP VIIRS Nighttime Image on October 12, 2018 after Hurricane Michael Clear skies overnight provided ideal view conditions for the VIIRS Day/Night Band sensor to capture the intensity of the city lights post Hurricane Michael. Note the widespread power outages across Florida and Georgia. Interactive viewer: https://maps.disasters.nasa.gov/arcgis/apps/MapSeries/index.html?appid=b... Original Post 10/11/18:

 

October 11, 2018
NASA AIRS captures Hurricane Michael
This image from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) shows the temperature of clouds or the surface in and around Hurricane Michael as it approaches northwestern Florida around 3 AM local time on Tuesday, October 10, 2018. The storm shows all the hallmarks of a powerful, mature hurricane. The large purple area indicates very cold clouds at about -90 F (-68 C) carried high into the atmosphere by deep thunderstorms. These storm clouds are associated with very heavy rainfall. At the center of the cold clouds is the distinct, much warmer eye of the hurricane seen in green. The extensive areas of red away from the storm indicate temperatures of around 60 F (15 C), typical of the surface of the Earth at night. These red areas are mostly cloud-free, with the clear air caused by air motion outward from the cold clouds near the storm center then downward in the surrounding areas. Michael has developed quickly into a dangerous Category 4 storm, with sustained wind of 150 miles per hour. It is currently coming ashore on the Florida Panhandle as the strongest hurricane in that region in recorded history.

 

October 11, 2018
MISR Imagery of Hurricane Michael
NASA's Terra spacecraft shows a three dimensional view of Hurricane Michael and combines two of MISR's nine camera angles. MISR's stereo anaglyph shows a three-dimensional view of Michael and combines two of MISR's nine camera angles. Using 3D red-blue glasses, you can see the 3D effect. Apparent in the 3D stereo anaglyph as well as the height field are a number of bright "clumps." These are groups of strong thunderstorms embedded within the larger circulation of the hurricane. Known as "vortical hot towers," the presence of these features indicates rapid transport of heat energy from the ocean surface into the storm, typically indicative of rapid intensification of the hurricane. In fact, between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. EDT, while MISR imaged the hurricane, the estimated central pressure dropped 8 hPa and the maximum sustained winds increased about 12 mph (19 kph) and over the next 24 hours Hurricane Michael intensified from a Category 2 to a Category 4 storm.

 

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