Hurricane Michael 2018

Start Date

October 9, 2018


At approximately 1:30 p.m. EDT on October 10, 2018, Hurricane Michael made landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida. Wind speeds were estimated to be 155 miles (250 kilometers) per hour, which would make the category 4 hurricane the strongest on record to hit the Florida Panhandle. The storm has already destroyed homes and knocked out electric power in the area. Forecasters expect Michael to bring heavy winds and rain to the southeastern United States for several days. NASA Earth Science is bringing all relevant observations and science expertise to bear on Hurricane Michael before, during, and after landfall to provide situational awareness to stakeholders and the public. The intent is to provide a more comprehensive awareness throughout the entire disaster life cycle.

Latest Updates

October 10, 2018
ISS photo of Hurricane Michael
Video of Hurricane Michael, as seen from International Space Station, 10/10/18 An astronaut onboard the International Space Station using an internal Ultra High Definition video camera captured views of Hurricane Michael and its eye near 12:00 pm EDT on October 10, 2018 from an altitude of 255 miles over the Gulf of Mexico. Video source: NASA International Space Station Program
October 11, 2018
GFMS Inundation Estimate Hurricane Michael
Inundation Estimate from Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) based on surface and river routing models using NASA Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Integrated Multi-Satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) precipitation information. GFMS covers the globe from 50N-50S. This product shows the near real time flooding every 3 hours at 1 km resolution. This product can be used to estimate flood extent (and depth) and for comparison with other estimates from...
October 11, 2018
Sentinel-1 Water Extent Imagery
Using data collected from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sentinel-1B satellite, scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) are able to create maps of the extent of water due to the effects of Hurricane Michael. The synthetic aperture radar (SAR) aboard Sentinel-1B allows for the detection of water on the surface when clouds are present as well as during the night time hours. This product shows three areas: known reference water (blue), anomalous...
October 11, 2018
USGS/NASA Landsat 8 Imagery Hurricane Michael
The True Color RGB composite provides a product of how the surface would look to the naked eye from space. The RGB is created using the red, green, and blue channels of the respective instrument. This product contains pre-event images from September 15, 22, 24, 29 and October 6, 2018. The True Color RGB is produced using the 3 visible wavelength bands (red, green, and blue) from the respective sensor. Some minor atmospheric corrections have occurred. Image...
October 11, 2018
Sentinel-1 RGB Imagery from Hurricane Michael
The Alaska Satellite Facility has developed a false color Red, Green, Blue (RGB) composite image of the Sentinel 1A/B Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instrument which assigns the co- and cross-polarization information to a channel in the RGB composite. When used to support a flooding event, areas in blue denotes water present at the time of the satellite overpass prior to the landfall of Hurricane Michael. This product shows three areas: known reference water (...
October 8, 2018
GPM overpass of hurricane michael on 10/8/18
The GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) has 13 channels that view different aspects of the hurricane in different ways. This overpass of Hurricane Michael on Oct. 8th, 2018 shows the combined low, mid, and high-frequency GMI channels along with the retrieved rain rate for the same overpass developed by combining all channels to understand the precipitation structure.