Hurricane Michael 2018

Start Date

October 9, 2018


At approximately 1:30 p.m. EDT on October 10, 2018, Hurricane Michael made landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida. Wind speeds were estimated to be 155 miles (250 kilometers) per hour, which would make the category 4 hurricane the strongest on record to hit the Florida Panhandle. The storm has already destroyed homes and knocked out electric power in the area. Forecasters expect Michael to bring heavy winds and rain to the southeastern United States for several days. NASA Earth Science is bringing all relevant observations and science expertise to bear on Hurricane Michael before, during, and after landfall to provide situational awareness to stakeholders and the public. The intent is to provide a more comprehensive awareness throughout the entire disaster life cycle.

Latest Updates

October 23, 2018
Observed Flooding Areas Using SAR Data after Hurricane Michael
The picture above is a flooding map created by Professor Robert Brackenridge at The University of Colorado. The data to create this map was derived from The European Space Agency (ESA) Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellite. Sentinel-1 is a two satellite constellation with the prime objectives of Land and Ocean monitoring. Sentinel-1A and Sentinel-1B satellites carry the single C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instruments, which can provide an all-weather, day-and-night...
October 23, 2018
ISS Georeferenced Digital Camera Images of Areas Effected By Hurricane Michael 2018
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station took a collection of visible-wavelength (RGB) digital camera images on October 17, 2018. RGB, or Red, Green and Blue imagery helps to visually identify areas that have been damaged during a natural hazard. These images were then manually georeferenced by members of the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit at NASA Johnson Space Center.The images provide regional context, and may be useful for visualization of Hurricane...
October 19, 2018
VIIRS Nighttime Imagery
The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) nighttime sensor (also called the Day/Night Band, or DNB), on the joint NASA/NOAA Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi-NPP) satellite captured the magnitude of power outages during Hurricane Michael. To watch the video of this...
October 17, 2018
Radarsat-2 Change Detection Map 
Radarsat-2 imagery was produced using images from October 11-14, 2018 in response to Hurricane Michael.The areas in red show regions with a 50% lower radar backscatter energy after the storm. The reddened areas identify locations where potential damage and/or flooding may have occured as a result of Hurricane Michael .  RADARSAT-2 is Canada's next-generation commercial SAR satellite, the follow-on to RADARSAT-1. The new satellite was launched in December, 2007 on a Soyuz vehicle from Russia's Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. RADARSAT-2 has been designed with significant and...
October 16, 2018
Data visualization on October 6, 2018 
NASA's Earth Observatory featured an article showing night lights before and after Hurricane Michael's destruction.  After making landfall as a category 4 storm on October 10, 2018, Hurricane Michael knocked out power for at least 2.5 million customers in the southeastern United States, according to the Edison Electric Institute. These images of nighttime lights in Florida, Georgia, and Alabama come from the...
October 16, 2018
MODIS Flood Map
MODIS Flood Map  These maps were created from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Near Real-Time Global (NRT) Flood Mapping product. The red color on the map represents new flood waters from October 13 -15, 2018 in Florida. The MODIS Near Real-Time (NRT) Global Flood Mapping Project produces global daily flood water maps at approximately 250 m spatial resolution. NASA Land, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (...
October 13, 2018
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) captures sediment stirred up by Michael.  
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this natural-color image of seafloor sediment and river outflows (and possibly plankton) discoloring the water along the Gulf Coast of Florida and Alabama. The satellite passed over the area in the early afternoon on October 13, 2018. The sediment and other debris was stirred up by the churning action of wind and waves as ...
October 12, 2018
NASA's Black Marble Technology over Florida
The pre- and post-event images of NASA's Black Marble product suite show the artificial lights at night from Panama City, FL and Mexico Beach, FL based on data collected on October 6 and October 12, 2018. NASA's Black Marble product suite has immediate access to data documenting disruptions in energy infrastructure and utility services due to Hurricane Michael. The pre ...
October 12, 2018
GPM IMERG rainfall accumulation from Hurricane Michael
At least eleven deaths have now been attributed to deadly hurricane Michael. Some casualties resulted not only from Michael's destructive winds and storm surges but also from the blinding rain that Michael produced as it battered states from Florida northeastward through Virginia. Today tropical storm Michael is moving out over the Atlantic Ocean and has transitioned into a powerful extratropical storm.   This animation using the GPM IMERG multi-satellite dataset shows the estimated total rainfall accumulation for...
October 12, 2018
On October 10, 2018, the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) instrument, onboard JAXA's GCOM-W1 satellite, observed the surface precipitation rates of Hurricane Michael as it approached the United States.
On October 10, 2018, the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) instrument, onboard JAXA's GCOM-W1 satellite, observed the surface precipitation rates of Hurricane Michael as it approached the United States. This LANCE NRT AMSR2 image shows high precipitation rates in red, yellow and light blue, and lower rates in dark blue and purple. LANCE NRT AMSR2 products include surface precipitation rate, wind speed over ocean, water vapor over ocean and cloud liquid...
October 11, 2018
ARIA Damage Proxy Map Using Sentinel-1
The Advanced Rapid Imaging and Analysis (ARIA) team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, created this Damage Proxy Map (DPM) depicting areas of Florida and Georgia that are likely damaged (shown by red and yellow pixels) as a result of Hurricane Michael. The map is derived from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images from the Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellites, operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). The pre-event images were taken before...
October 11, 2018
ISS Imagery Hurricane Michael
These visible-wavelength (RGB) handheld digital camera images of the Hurricane Michael eyewall were taken by astronauts onboard the International Space Station on October 10, 2018 as they passed over the storm. Once the storm has passed and cloud cover lessens, requests to document flooding, changes to the land surface, etc. can be sent to the ISS crew. Imagery of this type is then georeferenced by the Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit at JSC. Click here to view the full image set:...
October 11, 2018
MISR Imagery Hurricane Michael 
MISR (a NASA instrument that flies aboard the Terra satellite) carries nine cameras fixed at different angles, each of which viewed Michael over the course of approximately seven minutes when it was just off Florida's west coast on Tuesday October 9, 2018. This composite image shows the view from the central, downward-pointing camera (left), the calculated cloud-top heights (middle), and wind velocity vectors (right) superimposed on the image. The length of the...
October 11, 2018
Images from NASA's GFMS 
NASA’s Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) has captured a flood and...
October 11, 2018
NASA MISR Image  NASA’s MISR (Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer) instrument on-board the Terra satellite captured Hurricane Michael with the eye in mid swath on October 9, 2018. This MISR image was captured during Terra orbit 100049. MISR carries nine cameras to view the earth at nine widely-spaced angles and provides calibrated images in four spectral bands at each of the angles.
October 11, 2018
VIIRS Nighttime Imagery
UPDATE 10/12/18: S-NPP VIIRS Nighttime Image on October 6, 2018 before Hurricane Michael S-NPP VIIRS Nighttime Image on October 12, 2018 after Hurricane Michael Clear skies overnight provided ideal view conditions for the VIIRS Day/Night Band sensor to capture the intensity of the city lights post Hurricane Michael. Note the widespread power outages across Florida and Georgia....
October 11, 2018
GFMS Inundation Estimate Hurricane Michael
Inundation Estimate from Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) based on surface and river routing models using NASA Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Integrated Multi-Satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) precipitation information. GFMS covers the globe from 50N-50S. This product shows the near real time flooding every 3 hours at 1 km resolution. This product can be used to estimate flood extent (and depth) and for comparison with other estimates from...
October 11, 2018
Sentinel-1 Water Extent Imagery
Using data collected from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sentinel-1B satellite, scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) are able to create maps of the extent of water due to the effects of Hurricane Michael. The synthetic aperture radar (SAR) aboard Sentinel-1B allows for the detection of water on the surface when clouds are present as well as during the night time hours. This product shows three areas: known reference water (blue), anomalous...
October 11, 2018
USGS/NASA Landsat 8 Imagery Hurricane Michael
The True Color RGB composite provides a product of how the surface would look to the naked eye from space. The RGB is created using the red, green, and blue channels of the respective instrument. This product contains pre-event images from September 15, 22, 24, 29 and October 6, 2018. The True Color RGB is produced using the 3 visible wavelength bands (red, green, and blue) from the respective sensor. Some minor atmospheric corrections have occurred. Image...
October 11, 2018
Sentinel-1 RGB Imagery from Hurricane Michael
The Alaska Satellite Facility has developed a false color Red, Green, Blue (RGB) composite image of the Sentinel 1A/B Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instrument which assigns the co- and cross-polarization information to a channel in the RGB composite. When used to support a flooding event, areas in blue denotes water present at the time of the satellite overpass prior to the landfall of Hurricane Michael. This product shows three areas: known reference water (...